Triallel analysis for grain yield and its components over pooled environments in maize ( Zea mays L.)


Seven parents were utilized in crossing programme to produce 21 single crosses and 105 three-way crosses to
study gene actions for grain yield and yield contributing characters. Triallel analysis was conducted for important
yield components i.e.,ear length, ear diameter, number of kernel rows ear-1, number of kernels row-1, 100-grain
weight, shelling percentage and grain yield. Significance of 1-line general line effects of both first and second
kind, 2- line specific effects of first kind and second kind as well as 3-line specific effects for all the yield and yield
contributing traits except number of kernels row-1 in case of 3-line specific effects suggested the major role of all
three types of epistatic components viz., additive × additive, additive × dominance, dominance × dominance,
in addition to the additive and dominance gene actions in the expression of these traits. For grain yield, BML-51
was a good general combiner both as grandparent and immediate parent while BML-32 and BML-14 were good
general combiners as immediate parent. (BML-51 × BML-6) and (BML-32 × BML-13) had desirable 2-line effects
of first and second kind. Crosses viz., (BML-14 × BML-6) × BML-51, (BML-32 × BML-6) × BML-51and (BML-51 ×
BML-10) × BML-6 were the best performing triplets with desirable 1-line general and 2-line specific effects. Parent
order effects i.e. the order of lines utilized in three-way crosses were clearly elucidated, the order of in which
crosses will be effected for obtaining superior hybrids with high grain yield.


Maize, Triallel, parent order effects, grain yield

Maydica - A journal devoted to maize and allied species

ISSN: 2279-8013