Research papers

Sprouting suppression and mushroom production after inoculation of Juglans x intermedia stumps with edible fungi species


Abstract


Removal of stumps and suppression of sprouts after harvesting by conventional methods, such as using heavy machinery or herbicides, alters the physico-chemical characteristics of soil, may cause environmental damage and can be very costly. In this study, the performance of inoculation with edible fungi as a biological alternative for stump degradation, has been examined in walnut plantations of five Spanish provinces. Stumps were inoculated with two species of edible fungi: Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq. Ex Fr.) P. Kumm and Lentinula edodes (Berk) Pené. Compared with untreated controls, the two biological treatments resulted in a significant and evident reduction of the sprouting probability, which was stronger than the result obtained with chemical treatments. Inoculated stumps also produced edible sporocarps, averaging 15.58 g per stump during the first year. This article constitutes the basis for the development of a sustainable, environmentally friendly and cost-effective product, which is a bioeconomy-based solution for stump degradation in intensive plantations.


Keywords

Stump degradation; saproxylic species; logistic models; walnut; nature-based solutions

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12899/asr-1936

References


Abreu L.D., Marino R.H., Mesquita J.B., Ribeiro G.T. 2007 - Degradação da madeira de Eucalyptus sp. por basidiomicetos de podridão branca. Arquivos do Instituto Biológico 74 (4): 321-328.

Aguiar A., Gavioli D., Ferraz A. 2013 - Extracellular activities and wood component losses during Pinus taeda biodegradation by the brown-rot fungi Gloeophyllum trabeum. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 82: 187-191.

Alonso S. K. de, Silva A. G. da, Kasuya M. C. M., Barros N. F. de, Cavallazzi J. R. P., Bettucci L., Lupo S., Alfenas A. C. 2007 - Isolamento e seleção de fungos causadores da podridão-branca da madeira em florestas de Eucalyptus spp. com potencial de degradação de cepas e raízes. Revista Árvore 31 (1): 145–55.

Andrade F.A., Calonego F.W., Severo E.T.D., Furtado E.L. 2012 - Selection of fungi for accelerated decay in stumps of Eucalyptus spp. Bioresource Technology 110: 456-461.

Bari E., Nazarnezhad N., Kazemi S. M., Ghanbary M. A. T., Mohebby B., Schmidt O., Clausen C. A. 2015 - Comparison between degradation capabilities of the white rot fungi Pleurotus ostreatus and Trametes versicolor in beech wood. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 104: 231-237.

Becker E., Shamoun S. F., Hintz W. E. 2005 - Efficacy and environmental fate of Chondrostereum purpureum used as a biological control for red alder (Alnus rubra Bong.). Biological Control 33 (3): 269–77.

Bellgard S. E., Johnson V. W., Than D. J., Anand N., Winks C. J., Ezeta G., Dodd S. L. 2014 - Use of the silverleaf fungus Chondrostereum purpureum for biological control of stump-sprouting, riparian weedy tree species in New Zealand. Australasian Plant Pathology 43 (3): 321–326.

Boyle D. 1998 - Nutritional factors limiting the growth of Lentinula edodes and other white-rot fungi in wood. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 30 (6): 817-823.

Buée M., Reich M., Murat C., Morin E., Nilsson R. H., Uroz S., Martin F. 2009 - Pyrosequencing analyses of forest soils reveal an unexpectedly high fungal diversity. New Phytologist 184 (2): 449-456.

Calonego F.W., Severo E.T.D., Furtado E.L. 2010 - Decay resistance of thermallymodified Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill wood at 140 C, 160 C, 180 C, 200 C and 220 C. Bioresource Technology 101 (23): 9391-9394.

Coder K.D. 2003 - Stump degradation methods. University of Georgia, School of Forest Resources: 03-12.

Crawley M. J. 2002 - Statistical Computing: An Introduction to Data Analysis Using S-PLUS. John Wiley & Sons. 761 p.

da Silva G.A., Marino R.H., Lopes M.E.G., Almeida T.Á., Costa Â., Martins M.V.G. 2010 - Evaluating the degradation potential of whiterot fungi. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias (Agrária) 5 (2): 225-231.

Dumas M. T., Wood J. E., Mitchell E. G., Boyonoski N. W. 1997 - Control of stump sprouting of Populus tremuloides and P. grandidentata by inoculation with Chondrostereum purpureum. Biological Control 10 (1): 37–41.

Franklin J.F., Berg D.R., Thornburgh D.A., Tappeiner J.C. 1997 - Alternative silvicultural approaches to timber harvesting: variable retention harvest systems. In: "Creating a Forestry for the 21st Century: The Science of Ecosystem Management". Island Press, Kohn K.A., Franklin J.F. Eds. Washington, USA: 111 - 139.

Ferraz A., Esposito Bruns R.E., Durán N. 1998 - The use of principal component analysis (PCA) for pattern recognition in Eucalyptus grandis wood biodegradation experiments. World Journal of Microbiolofy and Biotechnology 14: 487-490.

Green S. 2003 - A review of the potential for the use of bioherbicides to control forest weeds in the UK. Forestry 76 (3): 285–298.

Hantula J., Hamberg L., Vartiamäki H., Korhonen K., Uotila A. 2012 - Short communication. A review on the efficacy tests and risk analyses conducted on Chondrostereum purpureum, a potential biocontrol agent, in Finland. Forest Systems 21(2): 343-347.

Hamberg L., Vartiamäki H., Malmivaara-Lämsä M., Löfström I., Valkonen S., Hantula J. 2011 - Short-term effects of mechanical and biological treatments on Sorbus aucuparia (L) Crantz. sprouting in mesic forests in Finland. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 26 (6): 505–514.

Hamberg L., Vartiamäki H., Hantula J. 2015 - Breeding increases the efficacy of Chondrostereum purpureum in the sprout control of birch. PLoS ONE 10 (2): 1–20.

Hamberg L., Hantula J. 2016 - The efficacy of six elite isolates of the fungus Chondrostereum purpureum against the sprouting of European aspen. Journal of Environmental Management 171: 217–224.

Hamberg L., Hantula J. 2018 - Tree size as a determinant of recovery of birch (Betula pendula Roth and Betula pubescens Ehrn.) and grey alder (Alnus incana) trees after cutting and inoculation with Chondrostereum purpureum. Biological Control 126: 83–89.

Harding D.P., Raizada M.N. 2015 - Controlling weeds with fungi, bacteria and viruses: a review. Frontiers in Plant Science 6: 659-673.

Herrero C., Berraondo I., Bravo F., Pando V., Ordóñez C., Olaizola J., Martín-Pinto P., Oria de Rueda J. 2019 - Predicting Mushroom Productivity from Long-Term Field-Data Series in Mediterranean Pinus pinaster Ait. Forests in the Context of Climate Change. Forests 10 (3): 206-224.

Hershenhorn J., Casella F., Vurro M. 2016 - Weed biocontrol with fungi: past, present and future. Biocontrol Science and Technology 26(10): 1313–1328.

Hope G. D. 2007 - Changes in soil properties, tree growth, and nutrition over a period

of 10 years after stump removal and scarification on moderately coarse soils in interior British Columbia. Forest Ecology and Management 242(2-3): 625-635.

IPCC 2013 - Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. 1535 pp.

Kerem Z., Friesem D., Hadar Y. 1992 - Lignocellulose degradation during solid-state fermentation: Pleurotus ostreatus versus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 58: 1121-1127.

Kodrik M. 2001 - Results of beech stump inoculation with antagonistic fungi. Journal of Forest Science 47 (11): 505-512.

Labosky P., Zhang J., Royse D.J. 1991 - Lignin biodegradation of nitrogen supplemented red oak (Quercus rubra L.) wood chipswith two strains of Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Wood and Fibre Science 23: 533-542.

Lygis V., Bakus R., Burokiené D., Vasiliaiskaité I. 2012 - Chondrostereum purpureum-based Control of Stump Sprouting of seven hardwood species in Lithuania. Baltic Forestry 18 (1): 41-55.

Negrão D.R., Silva Júnior T. A. Ô. F. da, Passos J. R. de S., Sansígolo C.A., Minhoni M. T.de A., Furtado E.L. 2014 - Biodegradation of Eucalyptus urograndis EUCUD wood by fungi. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 89: 95–102.

Onofre F.F., Damaceno A.C.F., Vale C.F., Furtado E.L. 2001 - Modelo de degradação de tocos remanescentes em povoamentos de eucalipto. In: CONGRESSO DE INICIAÇÃO CIENTÍFICA DA UNESP, 2001, Bauru. Proceedings. Bauru: UNESP. 1p.

Oriaran T.P., Labosky P., Royse D.J. 1989 - Lignin degradation capabilitiesof Pleurotus ostreatus, Lentinula edodes and Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Wood and Fibre Science 21: 183-192.

Pavan J.A., Alves T.W., Souza M.A. 2010 - Viabilidade econômica da produção de eucaliptos no Rio Grande do Sul. ABCustos 5 (1): 78-109.

Poiting S.B., Parungao M.M., Hyde K.D. 2003 - Production of wood-decay enzymes, mass loss and lignin solubilization in wood by tropical Xylariaceae. Mycological Research 107: 231-235.

Pu Y.W., Feng S.T., Zhen H.M., Liang S.Z. 1998 - Study on the condition of production Mn-peroxidase (Mnp) by Phanerochaete chrysosporium MIG3.383. Mycosystema 17: 251-255.

Rodrigues D., Fernandes da Silva T.A., de Souza J.R., Sansígolo C.A., Teixeira de Almeida M., Luiz E. 2014 - Biodegradation of Eucalyptus urograndis wood by fungi. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 89: 95-102.

Roy V., Dubeau D., Auger I. 2010 - Biological control of intolerant hardwood competition: Silvicultural efficacy of Chondrostereum purpureum and worker productivity in conifer plantations. Forest Ecology and Management 259 (8): 1571–79.

Sánchez C. 2010 - Cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus and other edible mushrooms. Applied microbiology and biotechnology 85 (5): 1321-1337.

Sik S., Unyayar A. 1998 - Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Funalia trogii for the degradation of cotton stalk and their laccase, peroxidase, ligninase and cellulose enzyme activities under semi-solid state conditions. Turkish Journal of Biology 22: 287-298.

Tai D.S., Terazawa M., Chen C.L., Chang H.M. 1990 - Lignin biodegradation products from birch wood by Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Part 1. Fraction of methanol-extractive and characterization of ether-insoluble low-molecular-weight fraction. Holzforschung 44 (3): 185-190.

Tan J.L., Liu G.L., Lu X.M., Gao P.J. 1998 - Study on biomechanical pulping of fast-growing woods. 1. Fungal pretreatment of mechanical pulp of Paulownia elongate S.Y. Hu. Chemistry and Industry of Forest Products 18: 26-32.

Tian B.Y., Huang Q.G., Xu Y., Wang C.X., Lv R.R., Huang J.Z. 2010 - Microbial community structure and diversity in a native forest wood-decomposed hollow-stump ecosystem. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 26: 233-240.

TRAGSA 2019 - TARIFAS TRAGSA 2019-Actuaciones sujetas. http://tarifas.tragsa.es/prestowebisapi.dll?FunctionGo&id=8&cod=TRAGSA2019&path=Tragsa2019W-Act-sujetas.cfg.




Copyright (c) 2020 Beatriz de la Parra, Sergio Armenteros, Javier Cuestas, Jaime Olaizola, Luis Santos, Vincente Monteleón, Celia Herrero

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

All texts reported in and all materials directly downloadable from this page are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.