Research papers

Use of Sentinel-2 for forest classification in Mediterranean environments


Abstract


Spatially-explicit information on forest composition provides valuable information to fulfil scientific, ecological and management objectives and to monitor multiple changes in forest ecosystems. The recently developed Sentinel-2 (S2) satellite imagery holds great potential for improving the classification of forest types at medium-large scales due to the concurrent availability of multispectral bands with high spatial resolution and quick revisit time. In this study, we tested the ability of S2 for forest type mapping in a Mediterranean environment. Three operational S2 images covering different phenological periods (winter, spring, summer) were processed and analyzed. Ten 10 m and 20 m bands available from S2 and four vegetation indices (VIs) were used to evaluate the ability of S2 to discriminate forest categories (conifer, broadleaved and mixed forests) and four forest types (beech forests; mixed spruce-fir forests; chestnut forests; mixed oak forests). We found that a single S2 image acquired in summer cannot discriminate neither the considered forest categories nor the forest types and therefore multitemporal images collected at different phenological periods are required. The best configuration yielded an accuracy > 83% in all considered forest types. We conclude that S2 can represent an effective option for repeated forest monitoring and mapping.


Keywords

Forest Classification; European Forest Types; Multispectral satellite imagery; Jeffries-Matusita (J-M) distance test; Random Forest

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12899/asr-1463

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Copyright (c) 2017 Nicola Puletti, Francesco Chianucci, Cristiano Castaldi

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