Articles

Effect of irrigation frequency during the growing season of winter wheat on the water use efficiency of summer maize in a double cropping system


Abstract


Our aim was to investigate the potential effects of irrigation frequency during the growing season of winter wheat on the water use efficiency (WUE) of summer maize in a double cropping system. To this end, we conducted a field experiment with winter wheat cultivated with 1, 2, and 3 irrigation applications with 120 mm water at the time of stem elongation, heading, or milking. The results showed that later irrigation applications increased soil moisture before sowing (SMBS) of summer maize. Summer maize grain yield was enhanced in both the common and excessively rainy years with increased SMBS; however, irrigation during the later growing season of winter wheat in rainy years could increase deep percolation of summer maize. In common and rainy years, the more the SMBS, the higher was the grain yield of summer maize. The highest WUE for summer maize was obtained when it was grown after winter wheat irrigated with 120 mm water at milking or 60 mm water at each, the stem elongation and heading stages. Considering the combined WUE of winter wheat and summer maize, the authors think that winter wheat should be irrigated at the stem elongation and heading stages to achieve reasonable WUE and grain yield for both crops.

Keywords

double cropping system, winter wheat, summer maize, irrigation, water use efficiency

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Maydica - A journal devoted to maize and allied species

ISSN: 2279-8013