Articles

Physiological analysis and nutritional quality of maize: a comparative study between hybrid and landraces varieties


Abstract


Maize (Zea mays L.) is important for animal production systems, and the use of unimproved maize varieties has increasingly
become a viable option for small farmers. This study aimed to characterize and evaluate the physiological
and feed potential of maize populations, as a raw material for silage production, in the mesoregion of the Alto
Paranaiba, Minas Gerais (MG). We used nine varieties of unimproved maize from the Germplasm Bank at Embrapa
Maize & Sorghum - BAGMilho (Sete Lagoas, MG), as follows: (milho stands for maize; crioulo, for landrace) MG
110 – Milho Amarelão, MS 043 – Crioulo, MG 083 – Milho Branco, RN 013 – Milho Metro, MG 073 – Milho Vermelhinho,
MS 016 – Palha Roxa 90, MG 079 – Milho Cunha, RR 040 – Crioulo de Roraima, AC 015 – Milho Boliviano
and a commercial hybrid variety of Pioneer, P4285. The hybrid maize Pioneer P4285 showed better physiological
and nutritional performance. Among the accessions of the Germplasm Bank, the MG 110 – Milho Amarelão and
MG 015 – Milho Boliviano were distinguished by their physiological adaptation to the Cerrado of Minas Gerais,
and for showing characteristics suitable for use in the silage process for animal feed.


Keywords

Zea mays L., gas exchange, silage quality, Cerrado

Full Text:

PDF





Maydica - A journal devoted to maize and allied species

ISSN: 2279-8013