Articles

Maize Nitrogen Use Efficiency: QTL Mapping in a U.S. Dent x Argentine-Caribbean Flint RILs population


Abstract


This study was aimed to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) for nitrogen use efficiency(NUE) and related traits in a maize population derived from a cross between two lines with different genetic background (B100 and LP2). Recombinant inbred lines (181) from this population were evaluated under fieldconditions during two growing seasons, and significant(P < 0.01) phenotypic and genotypic variability was detected for most evaluated traits. Two different mapping methods were applied for detecting QTLs. Firstly, a trait by trait approach was performed on across environments, and 19 QTLs were identified.Secondly, a multi-trait multi-environment analysis detected seven joint QTLs. Almost all joint QTLs had inconsistent additive effects from one environment to another, which would reflectpresence of QTL × Environment interaction. Most joint QTLs co-localized with QTLs detected by indi-vidual mapping. We detected consistent additive effects for grain yield per plant and NUE, as well as for biomass and nitrogen harvest index in some joint QTLs, especially QTL-1 and QTL-6. These QTLs had positive and stable effects across environments, and presence of some genes within these QTL intervals could be relevant for selecting for both NUE and grain yield simultaneously. Up today, this is a firstreport on the co-localization of QTLs for enhan-ced allocation of biomass allocation to grains with NUE, and NUE candidate gene identificaion. Fine mapping of these regions could allow to detect additional markers more closely linked to these QTLs that could be used for marker assisted selection for NUE.

Keywords

Candidate Genes, Maize, Nitrogen Use Efficiency (NUE), Quanitative Trait Loci (QTL)

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Maydica - A journal devoted to maize and allied species

ISSN: 2279-8013