Articles

Antioxidant activity in a set of sorghum landraces and breeding lines


Abstract


Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L) is becoming an increasingly important crop in the developed world especially as a cereal grain option for patients with celiac disease, being also characterized by a high level of bioactive compounds. It is a good source of phenolic compounds, including phenolic acids, flavonoids and condensed tannins, that express antioxidant capacity and potential health benefits. A group of 210 sorghum genotypes was evaluated in terms of physical parameters and resulted to be characterized by a wide range of 1000-seeds weight (6.93 - 42.67 g) and kernel colour. A sub-set of 121 samples were selected by near infrared spectroscopy for chemical analyses, and revealed a wide range of variability for total antioxidant capacity (6.89 - 172.02 mmol TE kg-1 dm-1), phenols (0.60 - 20.73 g GAE kg-1 dm-1), condensed tannins (0 - 28,362.63 μg CE g-1 dm-1) and flavonoids (0 - 8,138.22 μg CE g-1 dm-1). A high negative correlation was observed between antioxidant compounds and the colour parameters L* and b*; on the contrary, correlation of the same parameters with a* was low and positive. The results of these preliminary analyses highlighted genotypes characterized by light-coloured grains (white or yellow), large seeds, high antioxidant properties but absence of condensed tannins, all traits which make them suitable for food industry.

Keywords

sorghum, total antioxidant capacity, phenols, breeding lines

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Maydica - A journal devoted to maize and allied species

ISSN: 2279-8013