Articles

Effectiveness of the R1-navajo embryo marker on sorting haploids in tropical maize germplasm


Abstract


Modern maize breeding is currently based on Doubled Haploids (DH) technology. In following the steps to produce inbred lines by DH, sorting the haploids are the most important of them. Haploid inducers usually carry the R1 gene, responsible of purple pigmentation on seeds. Navajo is a typical phenotyping from this gene and leads to purple coloration on endosperm and embryo of the diploids but any pigmentation on haploid kernels. Aimed to analyze the effectiveness of R1-nj on sorting true haploids over tropical sources, two different experiments were conducted. In the first experiment, kernels analyzed came from the following induction cross (L47 x IL47), (P9 x IP9), (2B707 x IL47), and (2B707 x IP9) in which IL47 and IP9 were the tropical haploid inducers. In the second experiment, KHI (Krasnodar Haploid Inducer) was the haploid inducer and three commercial were adopting as sources. Putative haploids were sorted by R1-nj expression and the haploid level was checked by chromosome counting our phenotyping at the flowering stage. Overall, very low true haploid discovery rates were observed.
2B707 was the most reliable source in displaying true haploids. The ratio of this effectiveness among the two ex- periments to R1-nj marker ranged from 8.80 to 30.2%. These results can be explained by the presence of inhibitory genes on the tropical sources. Additionally, at the flowering stage, haploids plants had data of spontaneous doubling collected and summarized. Recovery on the female organs seems to be higher than male. Haploids from the IAC125 source exhibited best fully spontaneous doubling among the sources analyzed.

Keywords

doubled haploids, bayesian Inference, C1-I gene, spontaneous doubling

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Maydica - A journal devoted to maize and allied species

ISSN: 2279-8013