Research papers

Increasing wood mobilization through Sustainable Forest Management in protected areas of Italy


Abstract


The European Community has long recognized the need to further promote renewable energy. Under the overall objective to support and enhance sustainable management, the promotion of the use of forest biomass could help to mitigate climate change by substituting fossil fuel, increasing carbon stock in wood products and improve energy self-sufficiency enhancing security of supply and providing job opportunities in rural areas. To what extent Italian forests can satisfy an increased wood demand, without compromising the others Ecosystem Services (ESs) remains an open question. Our aim was to assess the potential supply of woody biomass from the network of protected areas in Italy considering the felling constraints. We estimated the theoretical annual potential increment from forest inventory data performing a correlation with the Corine Land Cover 2006 at the IV level with a 1:100,000 resolution elaborated in a GIS (Geographic Information System) environment. The average annual potential increment at national level available for felling was 4.4 m3ha-1. Within the network of protected areas (EUAP and Natura 2000), the average annual increment, available to felling, was 0.98 m3ha-1, respectively, 0.81 m3ha-1 from coppice and 1.14 m3ha-1 from non-coppice forests. Based on data obtained from this study, the availability of wood materials could be increased of almost 20 % at national level by pursuing an active management within the network of protected areas. In Italy, the actual level of resource utilization is rather low; increasing felling together with the implementation of an active management within protected areas could allow satisfying, theoretically, the Italian wood consumption.


Keywords

wood mobilisation; protected area; Sustainable Forest Management; woody biomass; supply

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12899/asr-754

References


Cash D.W., Adger W., Berkes F., Garden P., Lebel L., Olsson P., Pritchard L., Young O. 2006 - Scale and cross-scale dynamics: governance and information in a multilevel world. Ecology and Society 11: 8.

Ciancio O., Corona P., Marchetti M., Nocentini S. 2002 - Linee guida per la gestione ecosostenibile delle risorse forestali e pastorali nei Pachi Nazionali. Ministero dell’Ambiente, Servizio conservazione della Natura, Accademia Italiana di Scienze Forestali, Firenze, 302 p. http://www.aisf.it/monografie/linee%20guida%20parchi/Linee%20Guida%20Parchi.pdf.

Duncker P., Barreiro S., Hengeveld G.M., Lind T., Spiecker H., Mason B., Ambrozy S., Spiecker H. 2012 - Classification of forest management approaches: a new methodological framework and its applicability to European forestry. Ecology and Society 17 (4): 51.

EEA 2007 - Nationally designated areas (national-CDDA). Version 9. EEA, Copenhagen [Online]

http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/nationally-designated-areas-national-cdda-5.1 [11 Oct 2011]

Egoh B., Reyers B., Rouget M., Bode M., Richardson D.M. 2009 - Spatial congruence between biodiversity and ecosystem services in South Africa. Biological Conservation 142: 553-562.

EUROSTAT 2012 - Forestry. Forest increment and fellings (tsdnr520). [Online] http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/forestry/data/main_tables [2012]

FOREST EUROPE/UNECE/FAO 2010 - Information Document on Data Collection and Compiling the Statistics on Protected and Protective Forest and Other Wooded Land for Pan-European Reporting. [Online] http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/timber/publications/soef2011-protected-forest.pdf [2012]

FOREST EUROPE 2010 - Good practice guidance on the sustainable mobilisation of wood in Europe. Publications Office of the European Union, ISBN: 978-92-79-13933-8, DOI: 10.2762/17910.

FOREST EUROPE, UNECE and FAO 2011 - State of Europe’s Forests 2011. Status and Trends in Sustainable Forest Management in Europe.

Frank G., Parviainen J., Vandekerkhove K., Latham J., Schuck A., Little D. (eds.). 2007 - COST Action E27 Protected forest areas in Europe-analysis and harmonization (PROFOR): results, conclusions and recommendations. Federal research and training centre for forests, natural hazards and landscape (BFW). Vienna. 211 p.

Gasparini P., Tabacchi G. 2011 - L'inventario Nazionale delle foreste e dei serbatoi forestali di carbonio INFC 2005. Secondo inventario forestale nazionale italiano. Metodi e risultati. Ministero delle Politiche Agricole, Alimentari e Forestali, Corpo Forestale dello Stato; Consiglio per la Ricerca e la sperimentazione in Agricoltura, Unità di ricerca per il monitoraggio e la pianificazione forestale. Edagricole, Milano, 653 p.

Gunn S.J., Ganz D.J., Keeton W. 2012 - Biogenic vs. geologic carbon emissions and forest biomass energy production. Global Change Biology 4: 239-242.

INFC 2003 - Guida alla classificazione delle vegetazione forestale. Istituto Sperimentale per l’Assestamento Forestale e per l’Alpicoltura - ISAFA, Trento.

INFC 2005 - Inventario Nazionale delle Foreste e dei Serbatoi Forestali di Carbonio. Ministero delle Politiche Agricole Alimentari e Forestali, Ispettorato Generale - Corpo Forestale dello Stato. CRA - Istituto Sperimentale per l’Assestamento Forestale e per l’Alpicoltura, Trento. http://www.sian.it/inventarioforestale/jsp/home.jsp.

ISAFA 1988 - Inventario Forestale Nazionale Italiano 1985 (IFNI 85). Istituto sperimentale per l’Assestamento forestale e per l’Alpicoltura, Trento.

ISPRA 2010 - La realizzazione in Italia del progetto europeo Corine Land Cover 2006. Rapporto 131/2010 ISPRA, Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale. Roma, 50 p. ISBN 978-88-448-0477-0. http://www.isprambiente.gov.it/site/_contentfiles/00008300/8329_rapporto_131_2010.pdf.

Köhl M., Hildebrandt R., Olschofksy K., Köhler R., Rötzer T., Mette T., Pretzsch H., Köthke M., Dieter M., Abiy M., Makeschin F., Kenter B. 2010 - Combating the effects of climatic change on forests by mitigation strategies. Carbon Balance and Management 5: 8.

Lamers P., Thiffault E., Paré D., Junginger M. 2013 - Feedstock specific environmental risk levels related to biomass extraction for energy from boreal and temperate forests. Biomass and Bioenergy 55: 212-226.

Maes J., Braat L., Jax K., Hutchins M., Furman E., Termansen M., Luque S., Paracchini M.L., Chauvin C., Williams R., Volk M., Lautenbach S., Kopperoinen L., Schelhaas M.J., Weinert J., Goossen M., Dumont E., Strauch M., Görg C., Dormann C., Katwinkel M., Zulian G., Varjopuro R., Ratamäki O., Hauck J., Forsius M., Hengeveld G., Perez-Soba M., Bouraoui F., Scholz M., Schulz-Zunkel C., Lepistö A., Polishchuk Y., Bidoglio G. 2011 - A spatial assessment of ecosystem services in Europe: methods, case studies and policy analysis - phase 1. PEER Report No 3. Ispra: Partnership for European Environmental Research. Italy, 148 p.

Maesano M., Lasserre B., Tonti D., Marchetti M. 2014 - First Mapping of the main High Conservation Value Forests (HCVFs) at national scale: the case of Italy. Plant Biosystem (in press).

Mantau U., Saal U., Prins K., Steierer F., Lindner M., Verkerk H., Eggers J., Leek N., Oldenburger J., Asikainen A., Anttila P. 2010 - EUwood - real potential for changes in growth and use of EU forests. Final Report. University of Hamburg. Centre of Wood Science, Hamburg. http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/studies/doc/bioenergy/euwood final report.pdf.

MATTM 2010 - Elenco Ufficiale delle Aree naturali Protette (EUAP) 6° Aggiornamento 2010. Dipartimento per l’assetto dei valori ambientali del territorio, Direzione per la Conservazione della Natura, Ministero dell’Ambiente e della tutela del Territorio, Roma.

MCPFE 2002 - Assessment Guidelines for Protected and Protective Forest and Other Wooded Land in Europe. Annex 2 to Vienna Resolution 4. Fourth Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forest in Europe, 28-30 April 2003, Vienna, Austria.

MCPFE 2003 - State of Europe's forests 2003. The MCPFE report on sustainable forest management in Europe. Jointly prepared by the MCPFE Liaison Unit Vienna and UNECE/FAO, Vienna.

MCPFE 2007 - State of Europe’s Forests 2007. http://www.foresteurope.org/filestore/foresteurope/Publications/pdf/state_of_europes_forests_2007.pdf

Muys B., Hetemäki L., Palahi M. 2013 - Sustainable wood mobilization for EU renewable energy targets. Biofuels Bioproducts and Biorefining 7: 359–360.

Nelson E., Polasky S., Lewis D.J., Plantinga A.J., Lonsdorf E., White D., Bael D., Lawler J.J. 2008 - Efficiency of incentives to jointly increase carbon sequestration and species conservation on a landscape. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105: 9471-9476.

Norton-Griffiths M., Southey C. 1995 - The opportunity costs of biodiversity conservation in Kenya. Ecological Economics 12: 125-139.

Parviainen J., Frank G. 2003 - Protected forests in Europe approaches-harmonising the definitions for international comparison and forest policy making. Journal of Environmental Management 67: 27-36.

PEER 2011 - A spatial assessment of ecosystem services in Europe: Methods, case studies and policy analysis - phase I. European Commission Joint Research Centre Institute for Environment and Sustainability (JRC-IES).

Pettorelli N. ,Chauvenet A.L.M. Duffy J.P., Cornforth W.A., Meillere A., Baillie J.E.M 2012 - Tracking the effect of climate change on ecosystem functioning using protected areas: Africa as a case study. Ecological Indicators 20: 269-276.

Ragwitz M., Toro F., Resch G., Faber T., Haas R., Hoogwijk M., Voogt M., Rathmann M. 2006 - Economic analysis of reaching a 20 % share of renewable energy sources in 2020. European Commission, DG Environment. ENV.C.2/SER/2005/0080r. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/enveco/others/pdf/res2020_final_report.pdf

Sohngen B., Mendelsohn R., Sedjo R. 1999 - Forest Management, Conservation, and Global Timber Markets. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 81 (1): 1-13.

Turner W.R., Brandon K., Brooks T.M., Costanza R., da Fonseca G.A.B., Portela R. 2007 - Global Conservation of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. BioScience, 57: 868-873.

Verkerk P.J., Zanchi G., Lindner M. 2008 - Impacts of Biological and Landscape Diversity Protection on the Wood Supply in Europe. EFI Technical Report 27, European Forest Institute, 29 p.

Willemen L., Drakou E.G., Dunbar M.B., Mayaux P., Egoh B.N. 2013 - Safeguarding ecosystem services and livelihoods: Understanding the impact of conservation strategies on benefit flows to society. Ecosystem Services 4:95-103.




Copyright (c)



Creative Commons License

All texts reported in and all materials directly downloadable from this page are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.