Technical notes

New tree monitoring systems: from Industry 4.0 to Nature 4.0


Abstract


Recently, Internet of Things (IoT) technologies have grown rapidly and represent now a unique opportunity to improve our environmental monitoring capabilities at extremely low costs. IoT is a new system of thinking in which objects, animals or people are equipped with unique identifiers and transfer data a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. IoT has evolved from the convergence of wireless technologies, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and the Internet. The development of these technologies in environmental monitoring domains allows real-time data transmission and numerous low-cost monitoring points. We have designed a new device, the TreeTalker©, which is capable of measuring water transport in trees, diametrical growth, spectral characteristics of the leaves and microclimatic parameters and transmit data in semi-real time. Here we introduce the device’s features, provide an example of monitored data from a field test site and discuss the application of this new technology to tree monitoring in various contexts, from forest to urban green infrastructures management and ecological research.


Keywords

Internet of Things; tree monitoring; ecophysiology.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12899/asr-1847

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Copyright (c) 2019 Riccardo Valentini, Luca Belelli Marchesini, Damiano Gianelle, Giovanna Sala, Alexey Yarovslavtsev, Viacheslav Vasenev, Simona Castaldi

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