International project reports

Marginal/peripheral populations of forest tree species and their conservation status: report for Continental region


The report describes the geographical and ecological characteristics of the European continental region, which is the area that covers most of Central and Eastern Europe. Forest ecosystems and vegetational aspects, with particular emphasis to forest species growing at the edge of their distribution range, are also considered.


Forest genetic resources; forest tree marginal populations; MaPs; marginality; Cost Action FP 1202 MaP FGR

Full Text:




Alleaume-Benharira M., Pen IR., Ronce O. 2006 - Geographical patterns of adaptation within a species’ range: interactions between drift and gene flow. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19: 203–215.

Beierkuhnlein C., Foken T. 2008 - Klimawandel in Bayern. Auswirkungen und Anpassungsmöglichkeiten. Bayreuther Forum: Ökologie, Vol. 113.

Belletti P., Ferrazzini D., Piotti A., Monteleone I., Ducci F. 2012 - Genetic variation and divergence in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) within its natural range in Italy. European Journal of Forest Research 131: 1127-1138.

Belletti P., Ferrazzini D., Ducci F., De Rogatis A., Mucciarelli M. 2017 - Genetic diversity of Italian populations of Abies alba. Dendrobiology 77: 147-159. DOI: 10.12657/denbio.077.012

Comps B., Gömöry D., Letouzey J., Thiébaut B., Petit RJ. 2001 - Diverging trends between heterozygosity and allelic richness during postglacial colonization in the European beech. Genetics 157: 389–397.

De Rogatis A., Ferrazzini D., Ducci F., Guerri S., Carnevale S., Belletti P. 2013 - Genetic variation in Italian wild cherry (Prunus avium L.) as characterised by nSSR markers. Forestry 86: 391–400.

Eckert CG., Samis KE., Lougheed SC. 2008 - Genetic variation across species’ geographical ranges: the central–marginal hypothesis and beyond. Molecular Ecology 17: 1170–1188.

Dobbertin M. 2005 - Tree growth as indicator of tree vitality and of tree reaction to environmental stress: a review. European Journal of Forest Research 124: 319–333.

Ewald J. 2012 - Vegetation databases provide a close-up on altitudinal tree species distribution in the Bavarian Alps. Biodiversity and Ecology 4: 41–48.

Fady B. -

Aravanopoulos F.A., Alizoti P., Mátyás C., von Wühlisch G., Westergren M., Belletti P., Cvjetkovic B., Ducci F., Huber G., Kelleher CT., Khaldi A., Dagher Kharrat MB., Kraigher H., Kramer K., Mühlethaler U., Peric S., Perry A., Rousi M., Sbay H., Stojnic S., Tijardovic M., Tsvetkov I., Varela MC., Vendramin GG., Zlatanov T. 2016 - Evolution-based approach needed for the conservation and silviculture of peripheral forest tree populations. Forest Ecology and Management 375: 66–75.

FOREST EUROPE 2015 - State of Europe’s Forests 2015.Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe.

Gömöry D., Paule L., Shvadchak IM., Popescu F., Sukowska M., Hynek V., Longauer R. 2003 - Spatial patterns of the genetic differentiation in European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) at allozyme loci in the Carpathians and the adjacent regions. Silvae Genetica 52: 78–83.

Gömöry D., Paule L., Krajmerová D., Romšáková I., Piecka J. 2012 - Gene exchange between postglacial migration streams in Fraxinus excelsior. Silvae Genetica 61: 18—27.

IPCC 2007: Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M.Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA: 1–27

IPCC 2013 - Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, TF., D. Qin, GK. Plattner, M. Tignor, SK. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and PM. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. 1–27

Liepelt S., Chedaddi R., de Beaulieu JL., Fady B., Gömöry D., Hussendörfer E., Konnert M., Litt T., Longauer R., Terhürne Berson R., Ziegenhagen B. 2009 - Biogeographic history of Abies alba Mill. – a synthesis from paleobotanic and genetic data. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 153: 139–149.

Mellert KH., Ewald J., Hornstein D., Dorado-Liñán I., Jantsch M., Taeger S., Zang C., Menzel A., Kölling C. 2016 - Climatic marginality: a new metric for the susceptibility of tree species to warming exemplified by Fagus sylvatica (L.) and Ellenberg’s quotient. European Journal of Forest Research 1: 137–152.

Peel MC., Finlayson BL., McMahon TA. 2007 - Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 11: 1633–1644.

Petit RJ., Brewer S., Bordács S., Burg K., Cheddadi R., Coart E., Cottrell J., Csaikl UM., van Dam B., Deans JD., Espinel S., Fineschi S., Finkeldey R., Glaz I., Goicoechea PG., Jensen JS., König AO., Lowe AJ., Madsen SF., Mátyás G, Munro RC., Popescu F., Slade D., Tabbener H., de Vries SGM., Ziegenhagen B., de Beaulieu JL., Kremer A. 2002 - Identification of refugia and post-glacial colonization routes of European white oaks based on chloroplast DNA and fossil pollen evidence. Forest Ecology and Management 156: 49–74.

Willis KJ., Rudner E., Sümegi P. 2000 - The full-glacial forests of central and southeastern Europe. Quaternary Research 53: 203–213.

Wojnicka-Półtorak A., Celiński K., Chudzińska E., Prus-Głowacki W., Niemtur S. 2015 - Genetic Resources of Pinus cembra L. marginal populations from the Tatra Mountains: implications for conservation. Biochemical Genetics 53: 49-61.

Copyright (c) 2018 Gerhard Huber, Dušan Gömöry, Piero Belletti

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

All texts reported in and all materials directly downloadable from this page are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.