Research papers

An approach to public involvement in forest landscape planning in Italy: a case study and its evaluation


Abstract


In Italy, in the last decade, there have been both new social requests and an ever-increasing sensitivity towards the multiplicity of values attributed to forests. This has led to a profound revision of the structure of forest planning. This paper illustrates the planning system, characterised by a hierarchical approach, focusing on the upper level, that is Forest Landscape Management Plan (FLMP). At this level of planning, attention to the different needs and targets expressed by the population is considered of strategic importance and thus requires a participative attitude. In the first part of the paper the authors show the approach currently used in forest landscape planning, through a case study carried out in a rural area of the Appennine mountains, focusing in particular on the method established for the process of participation. In the second part, the quality of participation in the case study is analysed, after describing the methodology followed in order to identify a set of criteria for success, deemed particularly relevant

Keywords

Forest Landscape Management Planning; public participation; evaluation; success criteria

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12899/asr-1370

References


Ananda J. 2007 - Implementing Participatory Decision Making in Forest Planning. Environmental Management 39: 534-544.

Ananda J, Herath G. 2003 - Incorporating stakeholder values into regional forest planning: a value function approach. Ecological Economics 45: 75-90.

Appelstrand M. 2002 - Participation and societal values: the challenge for lawmakers and policy practitioners. Forest Policy and Economics 4: 281-290.

Argenti G, Bellotti G, Bernetti J, Bianchetto E, Cantiani MG, Cantiani P, Costantini G, De Meo I, Ferretti F, Frattegiani M. et al. 2008 - Piano Forestale Territoriale di Indirizzo della Comunità Montana Collina Materana. Vol.1, Vol. 2. INEA, Basilicata, Italy.

Arnstein SR. 1969 - A Ladder of Citizen Participation. Journal of the American Planning Association 35(4): 216-224.

Asthana S, Richardson S, Halliday J. 2002 - Partnership working in public policy provision: a framework for evaluation. Society and Policy Administration 36(7): 780-795.

Bettelini D, Cantiani MG, Mariotta S. 2000 - Experiences in participatory planning in designated areas: the Bavona Valley in Switzerland. Forestry 73(2): 187-198.

Blackstock KL, Kelly GJ, Horsey BL. 2007 - Developing and applying a framework to evaluate participatory research for sustainability. Ecological Economics 60: 726-742.

Brinkerhoff JM. 2002 - Assessing and improving partnership relationships and outcomes: a proposed framework. Evaluation and Program Planning 25: 215-231.

Buchy M, Hoverman S. 2000 - Understanding public participation in forest planning: a review. Forest Policy and Economics 1:15-25.

Candrea A. N. and Bouriaud L. 2009 - A stakeholders' analysis of potential sustainable tourism development strategies in Piatra Craiului National Park. Annals of Forest Research, 52(1), 191-198.

Cantiani MG. 2012 - Forest planning and public participation: a possible methodological approach. iForest 5:72-82. doi: 10.3832/ifor0602-009

Cantiani MG, De Meo I, Paletto A. 2013 - What do Human Values Suggest about Forest Planning? An International Review Focusing on the Alpine Region. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science 1: 228-243.

Cantiani P, De Meo I, Ferretti F, Paletto A. 2010 - Forest functions evaluation to support forest landscape management planning. Forest Ideas 16(1): 44–51.

Chess C. 2000 - Evaluating Environmental Public Participation: Methodological Questions. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 43(6): 769-784.

De Meo I, Cantiani MG, Ferretti F, Paletto A. 2011 - Stakeholders' Perception as Support for Forest Landscape Planning. International Journal of Ecology. doi:10.1155/2011/685708

De Meo I, Ferretti F, Frattegiani M, Lora C, Paletto A. 2013 - Public participation GIS to support a bottom-up approach in forest landscape planning. iForest 6: 347-352.

European Commission. 2003 - Natura 2000 and forests “Challenges and opportunities” interpretation guide. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Available from: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/info/pubs/docs/nat2000/n2kforest_en.pdf .

Faehnle M, Tyrväinen L. 2013 - A framework for evaluating and designing collaborative planning. Land Use Policy 34: 332-341.

FAO-ECE-ILO. 2000 - Public participation in forestry in Europe and North America. Report of the FAO/ECE/ILO Joint Committee Team of Specialists on Participation in Forestry. Working paper 163. Sectorial activities department. International labour office. Ginevra.

Farcy C, Devillez F. 2005 - New orientations of forest management planning from an historical perspective of the relations between Man and Nature. Forest Policy and Economics 7:85-95.

Farrell EP, Führer E, Ryan D, Anderson F, Hüttl R, Piussi P. - 2000 European forest ecosystems: building the future on the legacy of the past. Forest Ecology and Management 132: 5-20.

Ferretti F, Di Bari C, De Meo I, Cantiani P, Bianchi M. 2011 - ProgettoBosco: a Data-Driven Decision Support System for forest planning. International Journal of Mathematical and Computational Forestry & Natural-Resource Sciences (MCFNS) 3(1): 27–35.

Fiorino DJ. 1989 - Environmental risk and democratic process: a critical review. Columbia Journal of Environmental Law 14: 501-547.

Hair JF, Bush RP, Ortinau DJ. 2000 - Marketing Research: A Practical Approach for the Millennium. McGraw-Hill. Boston.

Harrison SR, Qureshi ME. 2000 - Choice of stakeholder groups in multicriteria decision models. Natural Resources Forum 24:1-19.

Hislop M. 2004 - Involving people in forestry: a toolbox for public involvement in forest and woodland planning. Forestry Commission. London

IAP2 2007 - IAP2 Spectrum of Public Participation. Available from: http://www.iap2.org/associations/4748/files/spectrum.pdf .

Innes JE, Booher DE. 1999 - Consensus building and complex adaptive systems – A framework for evaluating collaborative planning. Journal of the American Planning Association 65: 412-423.

Kangas A, Laukkanen S, Kangas J. 2006 - Social choice theory and its applications in sustainable forest management – a review. Forest Policy and Economics 9: 77-92.

Kurttila M, Pesonen M, Kangas J, Kajanus M. 2000 - Utilizing the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) in SWOT analysis - a hybrid method and its application to a forest-certification case. Forest Policy and Economics 1: 41-52.

Lee M, Abbot C. 2003 - The Usual Suspects? Public Participation under the Aarhus Convention. Modern Law Review 1: 80-108.

Leskinen LA. 2006 - Adaptation of the regional forestry administration to national forest, climate change and rural development policies in Finland. Small-scale Forest Economics, Management and Policy 2 : 231-247.

Linder W, Lanfranchi P, Schnyder D, Vatter A. 1992 - Procédures et modèles de participation: propositions pour une politique de participation de la Confédération selon l’art. 4 LAT. (Models of participation: suggestions for a participation policy in Switzerland, following the article four LAT.) Office fédéral de l’aménagement du territoire (Swiss Federal Bureau for Land Planning). Berne (Switzerland).

Lockwood M. 2010 - Good governance for terrestrial protected areas: a framework, principles and performance outcomes. Journal of Environmental Management 91(3): 754-766.

McCool SF, Guthrie K. 2001 - Mapping the dimensions of successful public participation in messy natural resources management situations. Society and Natural Resources 14(4): 309-323.

Menzel S, Nordstrom EM, Buchecker M, Marques A, Saarikoski H, Kangas A. 2012 - Decision support systems in forest management: requirements from a participatory planning perspective. European Journal of Forest Research 131:1367-1379. doi:10.1007/s10342-012-0604-y

O’Brien EA. 2003 - Human values and their importance to the development of forestry policy in Britain: a literature review. Forestry 76, (1):3-17.

Olsson, P., Folke, C., Berkes, F. 2004 - Adaptive Co-management for Building Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems. Environmental Management 34(1), 75-90.

Paletto A, Ferretti F, Cantiani P, De Meo I. 2011 - Multi-functional approach in forest management land plan: an application in Southern Italy. Forest System 2: 66-80.

Paletto, A., Ferretti, F., De Meo, I. 2012 - The Role of Social Networks in Forest Landscape Planning. Forest Policy and Economics 15, 132–139.

Paletto, A, Cantiani MG, De Meo I. 2015a - Public Participation in Forest Landscape Management Planning (FLMP) in Italy. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 34, (5): 465-483.

Paletto A, Hamunen K, De Meo I. 2015b - Social Network Analysis to Support Stakeholder Analysis in Participatory Forest Planning. Society and Natural Resources 28(10): 1108-1125

Raymond CM, Fazey I, Reed MS, Stringer LC, Robinson GM, Evely AC. 2010 - Integrating local and scientific knowledge for environmental management. Journal of Environmental Management 91: 1766-1777.

Robson M, Rosenthal J. 2014 - Evaluating the effectiveness of stakeholder advisory committee participation in forest management planning in Ontario. Canada. Forestry Chronicle 90 (3): 361-370.

Rotherham ID. 2007 - The implications of perceptions and cultural knowledge loss for the management of wooded landscapes: a UK case-study. Forest Ecology and Management 249:100-115.

Rowe G, Frewr LJ. 2000 - Public participation methods: A framework for evaluation. Science, Technology & Human Values: 25 (1): 3-29.

Saarikoski H, Tikkanen J, Leskinen LA. 2010 - Public participation in practice – Assessing public participation in the preparation of regional forest programs in Northern Finland. Forest Policy and Economics 12: 349-356.

Schmithüsen F. 2007 - Multifunctional forestry practices as a land use strategy to meet increasing private and public demands in modern societies. Journal of Forest Science 53(6): 290-298.

Shindler B, Neburka J. 1997 - Public participation in Forest Planning: 8 Attributes of Success. Journal of Forestry 95 (1): 17-19.

Tuler S, Webler T. 1999 - Voices from the Forest: What Participants Expect of a Public Participation Process. Society and Natural Resources 12 (5): 437-453.

Van Asselt MBA, Rijkens-Klomp N. 2002 - A look in the mirror: reflection on participation in Integrated Assessment from a methodological perspective. Global Environmental Change 12. 167-184.

Webler T, Tuler S, Krueger R. 2001 - What is a good public participation process? Five perspectives from the public. Environmental Management 27(3): 435-450.




Copyright (c) 2017 Isabella De Meo, Fabrizio Ferretti, Alessandro Paletto, Maria Giulia Cantiani

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

All texts reported in and all materials directly downloadable from this page are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.