Online Submissions



Author Guidelines

Before submitting a manuscript, please, read the Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement and pay particular attention to the duties for authors

Four main types of manuscripts can be openly submitted to the ANNALS OF SILVICULTURAL RESEARCH:

1. Research papers;
2. Review papers;
3. International project reports;
4. Technical notes;  
5. Dataset papers.

All papers are anonymously reviewed by independent referees designated by the Editors. All texts have to be original and tools to detect plagiarism are used by the editors to assure originality.

As for review papers, a common interest with editors to subject-matter is requested prior to submission.


Other types of contribution such as the short communication related to conferences, workshops, as well as descriptions of new equipment, data and software of interest to the silviculture community, may also be considered for publication. Reviews of books are also welcome.

A special type of publication is the concept note. Authors are invited by editors as a rule, but suggestions are also welcome. Other types of paper are reviewed direcly by the Editors.


Submit your manuscript

Submit your manuscript through the Open Journal System (OJS) using the online submission form.

Authors of Research papers, International project reports and Technical notes must comply with the following rules of submission. Authors of Review papers should first contact the editor in chief or the managing editors by e-mail.

Indicate the name of corresponding author and provide affiliation, e-mail account (and phone number). Notes about work references and partition of contribution among authors can be reported in the Details and Comments section (Step 6) of the online submission form.

Accepted manuscript file extensions: .doc, .rtf, .odt.

Maximum allowed file uploading is 2 Mb

Text language: only English language is accepted. Language has to be checked accurately prior to submission.



Research papers and Technical notes must be organized strictly as follows:

Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Material(s) and Method(s), Results, Discussion, (Conclusions), (Acknowledgements), References. 3rd level paragraph can be used only if necessary (see carefully how to format all level titles below) 

Review papers and International project reports can follow their own layout.

Limits to the manusctipt elements:

  • Title: no more than 150 characters, blanks included
  • Abstract length: 200 to 300 words
  • Keywords: 3 to 5
  • Manuscript length: 10 to 15 pages for Research papers and Review papers; 4 to 6 pages for Technical notes; 3 to 5 pages for Other types of contribution


Text format

  • 1.5 line spacing
  • 3.0 cm margin (all sides)
  • font Times New Roman 12p
  • 1st level title (article main title): font 12p, bold and centered at the beginning of the first page
  • 2nd level title (Abstract, Results, References etc.): font 12p, bold, left aligned
  • 3rd level title (if present): font 12p, italic bold, left aligned
  • paragraphs text justified
  • italics used only for Latin names (e.g. species) or foreign terms
  • footnotes to be avoided throughout
  • acronyms without dots in capital letters (e.g. IUFRO, SISEF, ...)
  • SI units only and IUFRO rules for mensurational variables
  • number of decimals limited to significant figures
  • dots used to separate decimals and coma (,) to separate thousands.
  • formulas reported on a separate line and provided with a reference ordinal (1, 2 ...)
  • quotation of Tables and Figures in the text as follows: (Tab. 1), (Fig. 2) ...
  • literature in the text following these types of quotation: (Zeide 2005), (Zeide 1985 and 2005), in Zeide (2005), (Zeide 1985, Oliver and Larson 1990), (Yoda et al. 1963) [i.e. more than two auth.], (Harper 1977a), (Harper 1977b), (Harper 1977a, b).


Text style

Avoid as much as possible the use of indentation. If not possible, please make a single order. Use (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), ... or (a), (b), ... for lists. Each item is closed with “;” and the last one ends with “.”. Do not include other characters, do not use different font sizes, or underlining. Bold type has to be used only for main Title and paragraph titles. Sub-paragraphs are written in bold-Italics. Insert one blank line at the end of each paragraph and sub-paragraphs, but never in the text. All texts and titles must be written in small letters.



Tables have to be submitted after the Reference section. Each Table has to be numbered according to Arabic numerals (Tab. 1, ...) and presented on a single page. A self-explaining caption has to be reported at the top of the Table. A legend may follow at the bottom. All Tables must be quoted in the text. The expected position of each Table should be provided in the text between two blank lines (e.g.: [Here the Tab. 4]).

IMPORTANT: Use a 10p font size. When you create a table, please, consider that Tables could be reported as full page width (about 17 cm) or as single text column (about 8 cm). Avoid large Tables and the use of horizontal/vertical lines inside, but adopt suited spacing. Do not use special formats throughout. Use bold style only for the first row and/or the first column when applicable.


Figures (Pictures and Graphs)

Each Figure must be submitted as a separate file named figureX.xls, figureY.pdf, figureZ.tif, etc. (see below for more details).

IMPORTANT: When possible, ALWAYS prefer the vector format (PDF, EPS) to submit figures.

Graphs and Diagrams MUST be submitted in .PDF or .EPS format. Remember that every program producing graphs and diagrams can save the output as a vector file (EPS or PDF). A guide to produce PDF diagrams in R can be found here or here (using the pdf() function). Moreover, the easiest way to obtain a pdf from an Office suite is to create the graph with its specific software (Excel, Calc, Google Sheets etc) and print it with a PDF virtual printer. Please, be sure that the PDF is a vector file. Alternatively, add the original data file (.xls, .ods etc).

Pictures, Maps and Photos (or any raster images) must be submitted in raster format; all format are accepted (.jpeg, .tiff, .bmp, .png, etc) except .gif. A final resolution between 150 and 300 dpi is needed. PLEASE. Submit raster image only for native raster images such as pictures, maps, photos etc.

Each Figure (Picture, Graph, Map, Photo or Diagram) must be numbered according to Arabic numerals (Fig. 1, ...). Captions to Figures must be submitted as a separate file named figures.doc, figures.rtf, etc.  All Figures must be quoted in the text. The expected position of each Figure should be provided in the text between two blank lines (e.g.: [Here the Fig. 3])

IMPORTANT: Avoid large, complex Figures and the use of grids in the graphs. When you create a figure, please, consider that figures could be reported as full page width (about 17 cm) or as single text column (about 8 cm). This is important to set the proper proportion of labels, legends or any other text in order to make it easy readable at the actual figure size. 


WARNING: always avoid to duplicate the same information and choose the more explanatory tool between Tables and Figures.



Equations must be created inside the manuscript text with the proper tool and numbered - between brakets e.g. (2) - on the right margin of the same line. Please, provide (or be prepared to provide) it as a separate MathType, .pdf or .jpeg file should the equation appear unreadable.



All references must be quoted in the text. Each citation must have its correspondence in the reference list. References have to be listed in alphabetical order and chronologically for the same author. Journals have to be named in full. DOI has to be reported when available.

For a best and faster formattting, use Mendeley library management (open access platform) with our citation style (

Note: some light manual formatting could be necessary if you cite reference other than journal articles and books 

In any case follow the examples below.


Reference types

Journal articles

Marquis D.A., Ernst R.L. 1991 - The effects of stand structure after thinning on the growth of an Allegheny hardwood stand. Forest Science 37 (4): 1182-1200.

Book sections

White J. 1980 - Demographic factors in population of plants. In: “Demography and evolution in plant populations”. Botanical Monographs 15, Solbrig O.T. Ed., Univ. of California Press: 21-48.

Conference Proceedings and Acta

Anko B. 1990 - Landscape ecology in forestry. A new challenge. In: Proceedings XIX IUFRO World Congress. Montreal, 5-11 August 1990, Div.1 vol.1: 149-156.

Benvenuti C., Cantiani P. 2003 - Il trattamento selvicolturale delle fustaie transitorie di cerro. Interventi propedeutici alla fase di rinnovazione. In: Atti IV congresso SISEF, Potenza: 27-31.


Harper J.L. 1977 - Population biology of plants. Academic Press London. 892 p.

Web sites

The formatted citation would look like this:

Author's last name, First initial. date created or updated - Title of the page. Title of the complete site. [Online]. Available: http://full.web.address. [Date accessed].

for example:

Hammett, P. 1997 - Evaluating web resources. Ruben Salazar Library, Sonoma State University. [Online]. Available: [1997, March 29]

Other materials [internal reports, lecture notes, theses, forest management plans etc.]

Dreyfus P. 1986 - Dispositif d’étude du dépressage dans une regeneration naturelle de pin noir d’Autriche. Doc. interne n° 5 INRA Avignon, 8 p.

Baroni A., Cantiani M. 1975 - Piano colturale della foresta demaniale di Caselli 1973-1987. Istituto di Assestamento Forestale dell’Università di Firenze, 41 p.

Hellrigl B. Appunti di dendro-auxonomia. A cura di C. Colpi e G. De Mas. Università di Padova, a.a. 1987/88, 239 p.

Bertini G. 2012 - Relazioni tra struttura, selvicoltura, stato biologico e funzioni attese del bosco in uno scenario di cambiamento gestionale e ambientale. PhD thesis, UNITUS, 116 p.



After acceptance

When a manuscript is accepted for publication, the manuscript should not be further formatted except for recommandation about Figures and/or Tables.

Please, note that in this phase an English language style revision can be requested to meet the ASR standard. American or British English are both accepted. 


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission file is in .docx, or .odt document file format.
  2. The submission has not been previously published, nor submitted to another journal.
  3. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  4. Tables and Figures files are ready to be submitted as separated supplementary files according to the Author Guidelines. Please remember to fill in the "Title" box of any supplementary file with the proper title ("Tables", "Figure captions", "Figure1", "Figure2" etc).
  5. Instructions in Ensuring a Blind Peer Review have been followed.
  6. Please, provide us with two suggested referees. Please, add name, affiliation and current email in "Comments for the Editor" box below.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).


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